The Annotated Book of Mormon : I Nephi : 10

10:1 And now I, Nephi, proceed to give an account upon these plates of my proceedings, and my reign and ministry; wherefore, to proceed with mine account, I must speak somewhat of the things of my father, and also of my brethren.  
10:2 For behold, it came to pass after my father had made an end of speaking the words of his dream, and also of exhorting them to all diligence, he spake unto them concerning the Jews--  
10:3 That after they should be destroyed, even that great city Jerusalem, and many be carried away captive into Babylon, according to the own due time of the Lord, they should return again, yea, even be brought back out of captivity; and after they should be brought back out of captivity they should possess again the land of their inheritance. Once again the Book of Mormon speaks as if the Captivity were in the future. As already pointed out (I Nephi 1:4), the first deportation had already taken place before this point. Most people who are vaguely aware of the events surrounding the Babylonian captivity seem to be under the impression that it was one, single event. In fact, the Captivity took place in several stages over almost ten years, beginning with the deportation of Jehoiachin and ten thousand captives (which, at the time Nephi was writing, had already happened), and ending with the deportation of Zedekiah and the destruction of the city about ten years later.
10:4 Yea, even six hundred years from the time that my father left Jerusalem, a prophet would the Lord God raise up among the Jews--even a Messiah, or, in other words, a Savior of the world.  
10:5 And he also spake concerning the prophets, how great a number had testified of these things, concerning this Messiah, of whom he had spoken, or this Redeemer of the world.  
10:6 Wherefore, all mankind were in a lost and in a fallen state, and ever would be save they should rely on this Redeemer. Topic: Anachronistic Concepts
The concept of universal depravity (which later led to the doctrine of Original Sin) was not present in early Judaism. Elaine Pagel's "Adam, Eve and the Serpent" shows how this was a concept that was first being developed late in the first century but did not reach its full Christianized development until several hundred years later.
10:7 And he spake also concerning a prophet who should come before the Messiah, to prepare the way of the Lord--  
10:8 Yea, even he should go forth and 1cry in the wilderness: Prepare ye the way of the Lord, and make his paths straight; 2for there standeth one among you whom ye know not; 3and he is mightier than I, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose. And much spake my father concerning this thing. All the characteristics of John the Baptist listed in I Nephi 10 are all taken from the same New Testament passage, and are listed in virtually the same order.

Topics: New Testament Paraphrases

[1] John 1:23: He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.

John 1:23 is a quote from Isaiah 40:3. See also Alma 7:9.

[2] Ibid 1:26:...there standeth one among you, whom ye know not...
3] Ibid 1:27: He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's latchet I am not worthy to unloose.

10:9 And my father said he should baptize in 1Bethabara, beyond Jordan; and he also said he should 2baptize with water; even that he should baptize the Messiah with water. Topic: Anachronistic Words

[1] Ibid 1:28: These things were done in Bethabara beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.

Most modern Bibles (as well as the Latin Vulgate) have Bethany for Bethabara. The word Bethabara was apparently proposed by Origen in the third Century, but the early manuscripts all contain Bethany. It seems strange that the Book of Mormon contains the same incorrect place name for the location of John's ministry.

Topic: Anachronistic Concepts

[2] Ibid 1:31: ...therefore am I come baptizing with water.

Baptism is derived from a greek word. Although the Old Testament Law prescribes washing in water for ritual cleansing, baptism as a religious institution did not become widespread among the Jews until long after the Exile. The Pharisees expanded on the Levitical ritual washing, a practice that the New Testament comments on (Luke 11:38). The sect of the Essenes practised Baptism as a sign of conversion to God and forgiveness of sins during the Roman period. Nephi not only uses a Greek word to describe the practice, but seems to expect his readers to know what he was talking about.

10:10 And after he had baptized the Messiah with water, he should behold and 1bear record that he had baptized the 2Lamb of God, who should take away the sins of the world. [1] Ibid 1:32: And John bare record, saying...
2] Ibid 1:29 ...Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
10:11 And it came to pass after my father had spoken these words he spake unto my brethren concerning the 1gospel which should be preached among the Jews, and also concerning the dwindling of the Jews in unbelief. And after they had slain the Messiah, who should come, and after he had been slain he should rise from the dead, and should make himself manifest, by the Holy Ghost, unto the Gentiles. Topic: Anachronistic Concepts
[1] The Gospel is a distinctly New Testament concept. The word means "good message" in Greek. Although a verse in Isaiah (52:7) could be used to indicate that the Jews had some concept of the "good message", it is very evident that Joseph Smith is talking about the gospel of Jesus Christ here in this passage.
10:12 Yea, even my father spake much concerning the Gentiles, and also concerning the house of Israel, that they should be compared like unto an 1olive-tree, whose branches should be broken off and should be scattered upon all the face of the earth. [1] Romans 11:17: And if some of the branches be broken
10:13 Wherefore, he said it must needs be that we should be led with one accord into the land of promise, unto the fulfilling of the word of the Lord, that we should be scattered upon all the face of the earth.  
10:14 And after the house of Israel should be scattered they should be gathered together again; or, in fine, after the Gentiles had received the fulness of the Gospel, the natural branches of the olive-tree, or the remnants of the house of Israel, should be 1grafted in, or come to the knowledge of the true Messiah, their Lord and their Redeemer. [1] Romans 11:17: thou...wert grafted in among them...
10:15 And after this manner of language did my father prophesy and speak unto my brethren, and also many more things which I do not write in this book; for I have written as many of them as were expedient for me in mine other book.  
10:16 And all these things, of which I have spoken, were done as my father dwelt in a tent, in the valley of Lemuel.  
10:17 And it came to pass after I, Nephi, having heard all the words of my father, concerning the things which he saw in a vision, and also the things which he spake by the power of the Holy Ghost, which power he received by faith on the Son of God--and the Son of God was the Messiah who should come--I, Nephi, was desirous also that I might see, and hear, and know of these things, by the power of the Holy Ghost, which is the gift of God unto 1all those who diligently seek him, as well in times of old as in the time that he should manifest himself unto the children of men. [1] Hebrews 11:6: ...he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
10:18 For he is the 1same yesterday, to-day, and forever; and the way is 2prepared for all men from the foundation of the world, if it so be that they repent and come unto him. [1] Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and forever.
2] Matthew 25:34: ...the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
10:19 For he that diligently 1seeketh shall find; and the mysteries of God shall be unfolded unto them, by the power of the Holy Ghost, as well in these times as in times of old, and as well in times of old as in times to come; wherefore, the course of the Lord is one eternal round. [1] Matthew 7:8: ...and he that seeketh findeth...
10:20 Therefore remember, O man, for all thy doings thou shalt be brought into judgment.  
10:21 Wherefore, if ye have sought to do wickedly in the days of your probation, then ye are found unclean 1before the judgment-seat of God; and no unclean thing can dwell with God; wherefore, ye must be cast off forever. [1] II Corinthians 5:10: For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ...
10:22 And the Holy Ghost giveth authority that I should speak these things, and deny them not.  

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